Ethnobotanical Leaflets 14: 361-65, 2010.
Phytotherapeutical Methods Used by Traditional Healers of Eturnagaram Mandal, Warangal, Andhra Pradesh, India
*K. Rajendar, D. Raju, M. Tirupathi and K. Jaganmohan Reddy
Department of Botany, Kakatiya University,
Warangal, Andhra Pradesh, India 506 009
*Corresponding author : [email protected]
Issued: March 01, 2010
The indigenous traditional practices of Koyas (Dorasattamu) of Tupakulagudem, Bhupathipuram and Devadula villages which are on the south of Godavari river, Eturnagaram mandal warangal District, Andhrapradesh, India are being here reported. They use different parts of medicinal plants for curing common ailments. The ethnomedicinal information includes 32 plant species, useful parts of plants and mode of administration.
Keywords: Phytocure, Ethnomedicine, Koyas, Warangal District, Andhrapradesh.
Now a days, a trend in study of medicinal plants and their use in traditional medicine has been drawing the attention of different medical practitioners throughout world. People have become health cautious, the phytotherapy is more safe and effective in curing ailments without any side effects. It is for this reason the study of ethnomedicine and its restoration have been taking place.
Ethnic groups of various regions of the world are the real custodians of natures1 wealth and experts in herbal medicine. The traditional indigenous knowledge transferred orally for centuries is fast disappearing because of the technological developments and changing culture of ethnic groups ( Ganesan, et al 2004 ). Inspite of all these disturbances, the indigenous phytocure methods are restored amongst tribes, as it is a part of their culture. Moreever, the people in ethnic tribes are averse to change the mode of their life and traditions. But this traditional medical knowledge is slowly diminishing, so it is to be procured and preserved in variours forms for future generations ( Burmol & Naidu, 2007 ).
Materials and Methods
The ethnobotanical study on Koyas living in Tupakulagudem, Bhupathipuram and Devadula villages have been surveyed. The information on ethnomedicine was collected during AprilNovember 2009. The Koyas are the only tribal community residing in these villages which are in the tropical forest region of Eturnagaram forest division. This ethnic group of people are the settled agriculturists, besides herds-keepers, hunters and also depend upon non- timbers products of forest.
The ethnomedical information was collected from knowledgeable local aged people, herdsmen and local healers. These people are reluctant to reveal secrecy of phytotherapy for various diseases. The repeated visits to the villages helped in developing intimacy with the local people. The phytocure information was collected from Koyas through interviews and discussions. The collected information includes useful plant species with local names, parts of the plant used for curing different diseases. The plant specimens collected with the help of the inhabitants of surveyed villages. The scientific names of plant species their families were identified with the help of forest flora of Hyderabad state (Sharfuddin Khan, M. 1959) and floras (Gamble & Fischer 1915 1935). The data collected from different sources of ethnic community consists of 32 plant species whose different parts are used for curing different diseases.
Results and Discussion
The present study includes 32 number of plant species of Angiosperms belonging to 24 families are reported. The alphabetical order of scientific name of the plants, their families local names, diseases, parts used, mode of administration with duration and doses are furnished in (Table 1). The information provided in the table is collected from local healers through interviews and discussions. They have good knowledge about the use of plants for curing various ailments and also believe in supernatural powers which is also a part of their healing methods. The diagnosis of different pathologies is the first step in phytocure treatment which can be known by ones1 nose, ear, hands, eyes and is interesting. The tribal healers preparations are either based on single plant part or combination of several plant species parts. The mode of ethnomedicine usage for different diseases is in various forms, such as aqueous extract, paste and oil. In addition, milk, ginger, pepper, oil, turmeric and jaggery etc are used as ingredients in administration of ethnomedicine (Sdhakar Reddy et al, 2008 ). The ethnic tribe ( Koya ) of these villages are healthy and not suffering from common problems like depression, blood pressure and diabetes which are common in urban people ( Ishwari Prasad et al, 2009 ).
Table 1: List of medicinal plants used by Koyas of Eturnagaram mandal, Warangal District, Andhrapradesh, India.
We are highly greatful to Rajiv Gandhi National Fellowship (RGNF) UGC for Financial Assistance. We thank the Tribal people of Tupakulagudem, Devadula and Bhupathipuram villages for providing ethnomedical information.
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Gamble, J.S and C.E.C. Fischer. 1915 1935. Flora of the Presidency of Madras, Landon.
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